Georgia Building Code

The provisions of the Georgia building codeapply to the construction, alteration, movement, enlargement, replacement, repair, equipment, use and occupancy, location, maintenance, removal and demolition of every building or structure.  Amendments to the 2007 Georgia building code included a definition for an elevator door protecting device which is device that either independently or in conjunction with the elevator door assembly allows the device to meet the prescribed Georgia building coderequirements.  The amendments also clarify the regulations for the storage and handling of propane, butane, propylene, and butylenes by liquefied petroleum gas-distribution facilities and revised the mixed use and occupancy guidelines for separation.  Elevator shaft enclosures, dumbwaiters, and other hoistaways are required to be built under current fire code regulations and that elevator lobbies opening onto floors are required to be provided with fire-rated exit access corridors and elevator lobbies in high-rise buildings shall be provided with an elevator lobby at each floor with some noted exceptions.

The Georgia building code had also revised the automatic fire sprinkler system codes setting exceptions for Group R occupancies.  The chapter on accessibility was deleted without substitution and a new chapter on exterior walls and installation of wall coverings was added.  The roof assembly chapter was revised to read that metal roof fasteners must be secured to supports as prescribed by the approved manufacturer’s fasteners or by the approved substitutions in lieu of a manufacturer recommendation. 

The Georgia building code also made revisions to the special inspections chapter putting responsibility on the owner or constructor of the building to employ special inspectors as needed to comply with building codes and a new table for minimum qualifications of special inspectors has been added.  inspections are not required for buildings unless the design involves the practice of professional engineering or architecture as defined by applicable state statutes and regulations within the Georgia building code.

Indiana Building Code

If you are in the industry of construction, contracting, or home inspection you are sure to know the building code of the state you are working in. It’s common sense for workers in these field to know the Indiana building code in and out if they work in that state, but some folks who are looking to get into the field might not be so savvy. Learning the building code of a particular area can be the toughest part of a job working on homes. You may know a trade like roofing or have home inspection training, but if you don’t know the particulars of the law it’s easy to make a mistake. Some of the more tricky parts of the Indiana building code for example are keeping track of amendments and figuring out the particular of the laws.

It’s best to have a copy of the building codes to study over yourself if you plan on becoming a professional dealing with homes in Indiana. Even established workers usually keep a copy of the code on their bookshelf and use it as a reference when particularly tricky questions come up. Having the code around isn’t always enough to work with it effectively. It is best to study the Indiana building code extensively before taking on a job in the field so that you’re not back peddling when an issue comes up.

Always be sure to have the most recent building code handy. Oftentimes the building code changes over the years as amendments are added and wording is changed to reflect changes in the field and in safety regulations. What was once considered safe is not always safe by modern standards. Making sure a building fits the modern Indiana building code is an important part of the home inspection industry and if you don’t have a firm grasp of the most up to date code, you could be left behind.

Kentucky Building Code

The Kentucky building code2006 International  Building Codethe International Code Council, Inc., changed in some places to suit the needs of the specific Kentucky code.  The Kentucky building code provides minimum standards to ensure public safety, health, and welfare as they are affected by building construction and to secure safety to life and property from all hazards incident to the occupancy of buildings, structures or premises.  The Kentucky building code is a statewide uniform building code and is mandatory for use by all local governments. 

One of the more interesting clauses in the Kentucky building code is the special religious group use where the religious group can appeal to the commonwealth of Kentucky if a clause or amendment of the Kentucky building code is in direct conflict with the groups religious beliefs.  If the group can attest that they are in deed requesting the waiver for religious means and not for economical, aesthetic, or convenience reasons and it does not impede upon the safety of occupants and surrounding residents, then a committee will consider the waiver. 

As with most state building codes, the Kentucky building code outlines mechanical, plumbing, fire, energy, and electrical codes to be strictly adhered to the state building code with regard to single and two-family dwellings as well as temporary buildings, commercial and church buildings.  The Kentucky building code also outlines the approval of work permits, stop work orders and appeals, unlawful or unsafe structural conditions and penalties for illegal contractors and unapproved structures and additions.  Use and occupancy requirements are detailed for establishments such as bed and breakfasts, local and state jails, day care centers, with special provisions for day cares with licensed after school programs.   Day care facilities are also to have locks on all doors with comprehensive emergency exit strategies, appliance safety, corridor length, interior finish and fire protective signaling systems.

Massachusetts State Building Code

Who is Responsibly for the Building Code?

All construction and renovation projects in the state of Massachusetts are governed by the Massachusetts State building code.  The Board of Building Regulations and Standards administers the Massachusetts State building code. This is an eleven-member board that derives authority from the State of Massachusetts.  The eleven members of the Board of Building Regulations and Standards also comprise the Building Code Appeals Board for the purpose of deciding appeals and interpreting the Massachusetts State building code. The Board of Building Regulations and Standards also deals with the education and certification of local building officials.

What does the Building Code Regulate?

All contractors must be registered as a Home Improvement Contractor and/or licensed as a Construction Supervisor, depending upon the type of work to be done, prior to the start of any work.  A complaint can be reported to the Board of Building Regulations and Standards regarding any Home Improvement Contractor, Construction Supervisor or local building official for noncompliance to the Massachusetts State building code or other regulation. 

Operating without a certificate of registration issued by the department, abandoning or not completing a contract without justification, changing building plans or materials without owner approval or failing to pay for services and/or materials supplied by a subcontractor are just a few examples of violations of the Massachusetts State building code and can be the basis for a complaint. Some other violations of the Massachusetts State building code include offering to obtain or negotiate a mortgage on behalf of a mortgage lender, advertising without declaring a valid contractor registration number or knowingly making any misrepresentations or false promises in order to procure a contract.  

What Does the Building Code Require for a Building Permit?

The minimum construction documents, according to the Massachusetts State building code, required to obtain a building permit include a site plan, foundation plan, floor plan, framing plans, exterior elevations, constructions schedules, fire protection locations and energy conservation plans.  Of course, other documents might be required depending upon the size, type and location of the construction project.

Mass Building Code

When a construction project is started in Massachusetts, the general contractor must pay close attention to the Massachusetts. building code. From the beginning of a project to the very end, this set of general rules governs the entire process. There is a set of codes for the digging of the foundation, the style of the framing, the electrical system, the plumbing, the heating, and the roof.

Failure to comply with the Massachusetts building code will result in a major headache for the builder. First, work can be stopped completely by an inspector who is unhappy with the job. This causes money to be wasted until work can start again. Second, the cost of fixing any breeches of the code can be expensive, and no one likes to do a job twice. Finally, if a problem is not fixed, there is a possibility that the inspecting authority could levy fines, until the mistake is fixed. For a smooth job, and the most profit possible, it is advisable to become familiar with both the state and local codes.

There are many resources available that can help a person learn about the Mass building code. Contacting the state office that governs the codes is a good place to start. For more in-depth study, there are many books available that explain the codes, though they may very technical. In addition, there is the option of taking classes at a local school to learn the details and nuances of the Mass building code, as well as various other resources, depending on location.

Many builders who have worked in Massachusetts for a while may know most of the Mass building code, but as new laws are passed, some of the details of individual rules may change. The same resources can be used to learn about changes to the code, as well. A good familiarity with the Mass building code will help to ensure that a project will finish on time and on budget.

Michigan Building Code

Any building contractor in the state of Michigan is required to obtain a building permit when undertaking a major structural alteration of a building, or starting a new construction. The building permit states the contractor or builder will follow the Michigan building code. In most instances normal maintenance does not require a building permit. Work that is not considered normal maintenance includes the removal of a wall, or any portion, the cutting or removal of a support beam, or the removal or change of any required means of exit.

The purpose of the Michigan building code is to insure the safety of the public concerning the construction of, or alteration of any building. Separately building permits for plumbing, mechanical and electrical work are also required when appropriate. These usually include the addition or replacement of plumbing, electrical or mechanical fixtures such as a new sewer pipe, electrical service, or heating/air conditioning unit. It is a violation of Michigan building code to undertake any major structural modification without a building permit.

The applicant of a building permit must submit in writing, detailed plans outlaying the specifications of the work to be done. This includes location of property lines, exact proportions of the project, and the kinds of materials to be used.  In most instances the local government issues the permits, and is also responsible for the inspection of the work upon completion.  The building inspector makes sure that the contractor followed the Michigan building code regarding the building materials, quality of work, deviation from plans, or any other circumstance that may result in a hazardous condition.

In essence the purpose of a building permit insures that a building inspector inspects any major work to a building. The building inspector insures that the work is up to the Michigan building code insuring the safety of the public.

Minnesota Building Code

There are certain aspects to the Minnesota building code pertaining to modular wheelchair ramps that need to be studied including those of building permits which allows for exemptions under section 301(b) 7 of the Uniform Building Code for platforms and walks as well as driveways that do not exceed thirty inches above grades that are not covered by building permit requirements.

Land Use/Zoning Permits

There is also special local government regulation with respect to land use/zoning permits which may place restrictions on distance to property lines as well as on maximum area and even height and more. However, the specific requirements can vary between jurisdictions which mean that it is up to the local governments how they interpret the Minnesota building code.

Another facet to the Minnesota building code deals with guardrails and according to UBC 1711 open as well as glazed sides of stairways, ramps and landings that rise to more than thirty inches over grade must have guardrails that will act as protection. In case of guardrails near to a ramp or landing that serves a single-family dwelling, it must be at least thirty-six inches high or more and there must also is intermediates that will prevent spheres of six inches in diameter from passing through.

However, another change to the Minnesota State Building Code that came into affect from March twenty-fifth in the year 1995 was that the intermediates should be installed in order to not let any sphere of four inches to pass through.

As far as the code pertaining to ramps is concerned, when ramps are meant to be used to allow people to leave the building, their construction must conform to UBC 3307. Other aspects that are also dealt with in the Minnesota building code include weather exposure, and footings as well as miscellaneous matters.

New York Building Code

In a state as diverse as New York, it’s easy to understand the need for building standards that vary according to the needs of a given area.

The New York building codes must meet the needs of one of the largest cities in the world as well as many small towns in rather remote locations.  Elevations in the state range from sea level to almost a mile high, too, generating the need to adopt building standards that address the issue of altitude.

Perhaps some of the more rigid New York building codes address the needs of New York City itself.  The city is by far the most densely populated area of the state and all building projects must be undertaken with the safety and needs of such a tightly packed population in mind.

New York building codes for the city must take into consideration existing structures that may be several hundred years old as well as the new construction currently underway.  The city represents five counties so standards must be unified across those county jurisdictions.

New York City and Chicago are the only two major cities in the country that maintain their own buiding code models, although New York City is in the process of adapting its own codes to meet the International Building Code standards.

Because the state is one of the thirteen original US colonies, historical preservation is an important issue with New York building codes, especially in historically significant areas.

Building needs in the Catskill and Adirondack Mountain ranges poses specific needs on the New York building code books, too.  In these often sparsely populated areas, fire protection features are critical as are all building issues dealing with environmental issues.

The waterways of the St. Lawrence Seaway and Lakes Ontario and Erie present their own unique needs and protections of the New York building code.  These coastal areas, along with the area surrounding the Finger Lakes, require building standards that meet the needs of sensitive aquatic plant and animal life in these areas.

The Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Seaway also mark the international boundary between the United States and Canada.  All building projects along the boundary must meet the New York building code while not infringing on the safety of Canadian resources.

The diversity of the state makes New York one of the most interesting areas of the United States.  No doubt, the construction industry must also be interesting and diverse to meet the needs of its people.

New York State Building Code

Many states have building codes which specify the minimum requirements of safety a building must conform to before being used.  The main purpose of a building code is to protect the public from potential risks to the occupants of the building.  Aside from the codes pertaining directly to the building, building codes are also created to regulate things such as pools, sidewalks and porches.

Building codes can cover a wide range of building features.  Almost all building codes have structural and fire safety rules, however things such as energy conservation and air quality codes are fairly recent additions to many state’s building codes.  Usually things such as the aesthetics of a building are not included in a building code however some cities may have laws regarding the aesthetics of the building to ensure that the building will fit in with the rest of the city.

The 2006 New York State Building Code had 34 chapters covering everything from determining the maximum occupancy to the use of glass in a building.  The New York State Building Code also had 13 appendices covering topics such as protection against rodents.  A list of all the buildings codes is available for free; however it is a long and boring read so you may find it easiest to talk to an expert home inspector or a builder who is probably much more familiar with the New York building codes.

When it comes to building codes, usually there is a fairly basic set of building codes created at the state level, like the New York State building codes.  From there cities and towns have the option to add to the building codes and tailor them to the local area.  For example, the installation of sidewalks is an important aspect of city building codes, however in suburban areas sidewalks are only required in the main streets.

North Carolina Building Code

The North Carolina building code is in place so that home owners, contractors and architects follow a minimum standard of safety for the construction of, or modification of buildings. The International build code is used as a model throughout the United States with each state government adding amendments. The local government enforces the building code through the issuing of building permits, and subsequent inspections required for occupancy.

North Carolina has been ahead of the curve when it comes to regulating the construction of buildings for the protection of the public. The first laws enacted in 1903 and then 1905 regulated the materials and the methods used in construction. In 1933 a Building Code Council was established in cooperation with the office of insurance to write the initial North Carolina Building code. It was first adopted in 1935, and passed by the North Carolina Assembly in 1941. In 1957 the state legislature rewrote the 1933 law, and expanded the the responsibility of the building code council.

The North Carolina Building Code is a baseline for building regulations. A local government can adopt any building regulation that is tougher than the state code, but it cannot be more lenient. The local government must get the approval of the North Carolina Building Code Council for any changes or amendments to its local building code. The present day North Carolina building code is based on the 2003 International building code, with amendments added by the North Carolina Building Code Council.

The North Carolina Building Code was put in place with an eye toward protecting the public from any dangerous or unsanitary conditions in design and construction. They are minimum standards for contractors, engineers, architects and enforcement officials to follow. The North Carolina Building Code Council can amend the code whenever new materials and methods are developed.